Sunburn is a form of (painful) radiation burn that is the result of overexposure to the sun, or more accurately, the ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Because it affects the skin, it is also the leading cause for non-malignant skin tumours. More people will be more familiar with the suntan, which is the result of exposure to a lesser amount of UV. But how do you gauge the time to get a suntan and not a sunburn?
Well, there are actually applications in high-tech gadgets that can detect UV levels. In fact there are already disposable sunburn sensors in the market. However, they contain substances potentially damaging to the people or their environment. In May 2016, American Chemical Society reported that researchers developed a safe sensor that could finally solve the problem, being made of safe materials, and also calibrated with the different skin tones and sunscreen SPF applied on the skin.
Before we have something safe to use, let us see what we can do when we get the sunburn:
Once you realize you have a sunburn, quickly place a cool compress on the skin for immediate relief. At the same time, hydrate yourself and drink lots of water. This is because your skin is dry and dehydrated and sunburned, so you would need to replenish the lost body fluids in order to help the skin to heal.
For the aftermath and care of the damaged skin, we researched and found the following home remedies that can help to accelerate the healing process:
- Cool milk compress – Use a clean cloth and soak with cool milk (not cold!). The milk creates a protein layer that helps to ease the discomfort from the burn.
- Aloe vera gel – Many people actually use aloe vera when they have sunburn. If you have the plant, it would be good, but using the gel products also helps. Some aloe vera products contain lidocaine, an anaesthetic that alleviates the pain.
- Tea – Apply freshly brewed tea (after it has cooled of course) to the skin, using a clean cloth. Tannic acid present in black tea may draw heat away from the burn, and also helps to restore the pH balance. Tannic acid is also present in green tea.
After this, to fully restore your skin, apply vitamin C serum to stimulate collagen production. Vitamin C is one of the most powerful antioxidants to repair and renew the skin. A serum that is formulated with a high percentage of vitamin C – 20% – can thoroughly promote skin recovery so you would be back on your feet in no time!
© LOOMI Group 2016
This article is first published on loomigroup.com
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